Schenley Sweethearts: The Elopement of Mary Croghan and Edward Schenley

  Picture it: Staten Island, New York, 1842.  It was the scandal heard round the nation: young heiress Mary Elizabeth O’Hara Croghan, daughter of Louisville’s William Croghan, Jr. and Pittsburgh’s Mary O’Hara,  eloped with British Captain Edward Schenley, a twice-widowed man thirty years her senior.  Imagine the sensation! The intrigue! The rumors! What a scandal. Captain Schenley was the brother-in-law of Mary’s schoolmistress! Mary was only 15, and the only heiress to a large Pittsburgh fortune! Newspapers reported that her father, William Croghan, Jr., fainted when he heard the news, as well he might. Within the Croghan family, the episode was referred to as “the abduction of Mary.” A flurry of letters between William, his daughter, his new son-in-law, various members of Mary’s extended family, and the irresponsible schoolmistress all detail the intrigue surrounding the elopement. In honor of Valentine’s Day, here are a few relevant letters, detailing the story of these two unlikely lovebirds. 

 

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Mary Elizabeth O'Hara Croghan Schenley, before 1903.

Mary Elizabeth O’Hara Croghan Schenley, before 1903.

This first letter is dated January 23, 1842. It should be noted that Mary and Edward were married on January 22!

Mary Croghan to William Croghan Jr.

[Tompkinsville, N.Y.]                                                                                                         Jan 23rd 1842

My dear father.  I think you have treated me very very badly indeed in not writing to me as soon as you arrived in Washington, if Emmeline had not written to Mrs Macleod something about your being there, I can not say all the things I would have imagined had happened to you, but never mind if I do not receive a letter from you tomorrow or next day I will write another to you.  Mr Schenley has not yet ceased in his kindnesses to me and all of the other girls; the Saturday after you left I went into the city with Mrs Macleod to have my teeth (or tooth) arranged, after we had finished “he” came and took up to see Stouts statue of Fanny Elssler (oh it is too perfect) and afterwards we went to see the Panorama of Thebes and Jerusalem, that was quite enough for that day, and last Friday evening he took Fanny Wash, Mrs Macleod, Pina and me to the theatre, we staid at the American (tell Emmeline we had the same rooms exactly) we saw “London assurance” over again and “What will the world say”  O! it was too too nice I like the last the most, as it was very very amusing and interesting, we had the same private box that we had the first night […] I want to get a cloak and bonnet, two very necessary articles for New Brighton,, and I thought it would be better to tell you I want them before I get them, am I not an excellent good “big” girl I think so?  Do you intend visiting New York before you go to Pittsburg, from what Emmeline said in her last letter you had not then decided – Good bye my dear pa – If you do not soon write to your very  affectionate daughter 

Mary

P.S.  Do you not think I am improving in my writing?

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Captain Edward Schenley. Image: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

Captain Edward Schenley. Image: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

In this letter, Edward attempts to ingratiate himself with his new bride’s father.

 Edward Schenley to William Croghan Jr.

[February, 1842]  New York

Dear Sir,

        Previous to your receiving this letter from the hands of my friend Mr. Henry Delafield, he will have disclosed,, verbally, to you the event which has called it forth; I shall therefore briefly but solemnly assure you that I have used no undue means of arguments to induce your very dear daughter to become my wife – that I have placed every circumstance of my life before her; and that her resolution to unite herself to me has been of upwards of a year standing;

        Not having experienced the honor of an intimate acquaintance with you; I must beg to refer you for a further knowledge of my general character and conduct as a son and husband, l.st to Mrs. Inglis whose daughter was my first wife, and who has known me thru good and evil fortune for nearly 20 years. – 2ndly to Sir William and Lady Pole of Shute House Devonshire, under whose care my only child, their granddaughter resides, and to whose paternal care it is my intention at once to place my Wife. –

        As regards Those who know me in this country.  I most freely commit my character; both publick and private into the hands of my warmest friends; I may almost say Brothers; Mr. H. Delafield and the other members of their family.  I have held intimate intercourse with them during 13 years a period which must have furnished them with an insight into my habits and disposition.

        I am by no means vain enough to suppose that any opinion, however favorable, can at once reconcile you to the disposal of your daughter’s affections and hand without your knowledge and sanction; but it is a duty I owe to myself as well as to you to prove that I am worthy of her and to offer it as the best place in my power for the wounded feelings and temporary bereavement I have occasioned you. —

        I refer you to herself for the feelings that have dictated this step on her part; and on that subject will merely remark that they can have been of no ordinary or sudden nature.  Whom induced her to unite with me in deceiving a Parent to whom She is most filially attached; And the family from whose care and kindness she has esperienced so much benefit and happiness.

        In conclusion, my dear Sir, permit me to assure you that my life shall be devoted to cherish, and render her happy. – Should circumstances admit of it, nothing could give us so much pleasure as your immediately joining us in England where I can safely promise you a hearty welcome from the Pole family and every connection I possess.

        I beg to subscribe myself; with respect and esteem.  Dear Sir. –Yours very.

                                                                                            Sincerely

                                                                                            Edward W.H. Schenley

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In the following letter, Mrs. Richmond McLeod, Mary’s schoolmistress, attempts to explain herself to William Croghan.

Richmond Macleod to William Croghan Jr.

New Brighton
Thursday [February, 5 1842]
Since last evening when Mr Delafield came down to announce and break to us the dreadful event I have been contemplating how to address you my dear Mr Croghan. Dreadful as Mr Schenleys conduct is towards you it is so much worse towards Mamma and myself that I am yet inclined to doubt the truth of the whole story. Had he stabbed me to the heart it would have been a kinder act. At this moment writhing and suffering I only direct my thoughts to you, my prayers to Heaven to support you and bring you to look on this in the best way you can. A nights reflection shows me the ruin brought on me by my nearest and dearest relatives; but my only consolation is a clear conscience and a conviction that if I was deceived no one else could ever have discovered it. I have sent poor Emmeline such a letter as I am able to write – and remain your most unfortunate though always with respect.
Richmond M. Macleod

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Here, Edward Schenley writes his account of events to a friend.

Edward Schenley to Mr. Lynch [1842]

My dear sir,

The very night I supped with you my final arrangements were completed to [illegible] off to England [.] Miss Croghan, to whim I was duly and properly married on the 22nd Jan. all of course by that of [illegible] and after a long [illegible words] difficult but effectual deceptions [illegible] against my family here. The subject of my intruding these matters upon you is to beg the favour of your friendly offices for them under the severe affliction and indignation that they are likely at the first practised to consider it. I have written a good number of letters which it is possible, and I wish you and captain Bolton may see: for I think that their [illegible] will convince you that disparity of age is the only thing that can seriously be advanced as an objection; permit me to assure you most solemnly that this and every other circumstance  connected with me has been laid before my wife; and that her resolution to marry me at all events has dated from a year back. That I am credibly informed to she more than once stated this resolution to her father, and that our greatest fear was that he would caution my family—in which case the thing could not have been affected: however not to trouble you more than necessary I shall merely again solicit your friendly influence amongst any persons who may get hold of a wrong version of the story, or who may prefer abusing them to the really only blamable person.

Your obliged friend

Edwd W. Schenley

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Mary’s uncle, General Thomas Jesup, was dispatched to New York to sort out the situation. His two letters follow.

Genl. T.S. Jesup to William Croghan Jr.

New York 12th Feby 1842

My dear Sir,

        I arrived here late last night, and have today been constantly occupied in inquiries in relation to the event so distressing to us all.  Thus far I have found but little that is satisfactory – If Mrs MacLeod is innocent circumstances are most strongly against her – She brought Mary to the City on the 21st of January, and took her to the theatre – Staid that night at Couzens’ Hotel, & as she says, Mary slept in the room with her, & Miss Wash and her daughter in another room – they remained until one o’clock the next day (the 22nd), in the City […] The Marriage certificate which I have seen is dated the 22nd of January the identity of both Mary & Schenley was testified to before the police magistrate by a worthless fellow by the name of Lafarge – though Inglis was present, he did not testify to their identity.  If they have sailed at all, they have gone under assumed names – no persons under the name of Schenley sailed in the mediator. I have seen a letter of W. Schenley to W. Lynch in which he declares that he was engaged to Mary before he went  last to Demarara, and that she has informed you of the engagement—the latter declaration I pronounced to be false the moment I heard it—was I not right? […]

        I will write again tomorrow evening.

                                                                    Yrs truly. Th: S. Jesup

New York,  Feby  14th 1842

My dear Sir,

       […] I this morning traced Mr Schenley & Mary to the hotel, (Holts,) where they staid from 11 o’clock on the 31st of January ‘till the same hour on the 1st of this month, when they went on board the Mediator.  I have also become acquainted with facts which put it beyond doubt that Mrs Macleod has been the principal actor in the drama.  She says, as you no doubt remember, that Mary wrote to her to send her some clothes, as you required her to remain with you in the City.  She sent the clothes, but in place of directing them to the Astor house to your care, she directed them to William Inglis – by accident the label became loose and a gentlemen who was requested to see the bundle delivered to Inglis discovered that on the inner ride it was directed to “Miss Mary Croghan, care of W. Inglis.”  If it were a case of murder any jury would convict Mrs. Macleod on the circumstantial evidence that has been elicited. I obtained to day a copy of the letter of Mr. Schenley to Mr. Lynch which I enclose.

        I have seen either copies or the originals of all the letters written by Mr. Schenley, except one to Captain Bolton which I am told contains a challenge to any or all who may comment on his conduct. The substance of the letter to Mr. Lynch is circulating in a portion of the Society here—if the replies have I understand circulated a report that you conducted Ms. Macleod from my house to the [illegible], and the influence drawn from the circumstances is that you were reconciled to the event which has taken place—I did not think it necessary to contradict the statement, but simply replied  to the gentleman who made the communication that her mother had placed her under our protection, and I did not consider it very complimentary to either of us to make it a mother also much wonder that we should have behaved toward her as gentlemen.

        With my best wishes for your health & happiness I am, dear sir, most truly yrs.

                                                                    Th. S. Jesup

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Finally,  Mary’s uncle George Croghan writes to his cousin, John O’Fallon, of the affair.

George Croghan to Col. O’Fallon

Mammoth Cave 16th Feb y. 1842

My Dear Sir

        I entreat of you as a friend and relation to take your Daughter away from the Brighton school as you would save her from the contaminating influence of its Directress Mrs McLeod than whom a more artful intriguing and base woman does not exist.  You will have heard that my Brother William has been robbed of his Daughter a child of 14 years old.  [illegible] by the [illegible] artifices of that vile woman she has eloped (perhaps forced away) & sailed for England with a Mr Schenley (a man of 56 and brother in law to Mrs McLoed) who has for a length of been aiding & abetting with fiend like appetite his worthy accomplice in a crime in the nefarious scheme of robbing a Father of his child, that they may secure to themselves a portion at last of her immense estate.

Mrs McLeod will attempt to exonerate herself from all blame & may succeed with some for she has the talents, [illegible] & cunning of the devil himself, but listen not to her – facts are so strong against her that nothing ought to restrain my Brother from arraigning her before the courts as the kidnapper of his child.

Two years ago if not more the Dr implored Wm not to intrust his Daughter to the care of Mrs McLeod as she was unworthy – had the Dr prevailed what agony would have been avoided.  I have received two letters from Mr Croghan upon this distressing subject, filled with details of the cool calculating schemes and artifices resorted to by the vile woman to effect her nefarious end.  Wm is half distracted.  Let him rouse himself and pursue to the rescue of his child, even though to effect it he have to blow the vile robbers brains out.  I write in haste & in great distress. …

                                                                    G. Croghan

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Well! Although the circumstances of their marriage may not have been satisfactory, by all accounts Mary and Edward had a contented, happy married life. They lived for a time in Suriname, where Edward was posted by the British Foreign Office, before making their residence in London. They had seven children together, and remained married until Edward’s death in 1878. Before her own death in 1903, Mary became a major Pittsburgh philanthropist, donating land which became part of Carnegie Mellon University and Schenley Park.  Upon her death, her estate was estimated at £870,000, or roughly $93 million. Despite the scandalous start, these sweethearts became something special.

Happy Valentine’s Day to you all!

Sincerely,

Hannah

Sources:

Letter transcriptions taken from the Historic Locust Grove Manuscript Collection.

S. Kussart, “One Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Mrs. Mary E. Schenley.” The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, Vol. 9, No. 4, October 1926, pp. 209-220.

Popular Pittsburgh, “Pittsburgh Profiles: May E. Schenley – The Pittsburgh Enchantress Who Shocked the World.” February 11, 2015. Accessed February 13, 2017. http://popularpittsburgh.com/mary-schenley/

Gwynne Tuell Potts, The Very Rich and Scandalous Miss Croghan, presented at Locust Grove in March 2015.

Gwynne Tuell Potts and Samuel W. Thomas, George Rogers Clark: Military Leader in the Pioneer West & Locust Grove: The Croghan Homestead Honoring Him. Louisville: Historic Locust Grove, 2006.

 

 

Letters from Januarys Past

 

Winter always seems to catch up to Kentucky in January, and this past week has been no exception. We’ve had two dazzling snowstorms, which got me thinking about what the Croghan family was doing during past Januarys. Below are two letters written almost two hundred years ago to the day, from William Croghan, Jr. to his brother George, and from Ann Croghan Jesup to her sister, Eliza Croghan Hancock. While neither of these letters were written at Locust Grove, they give plenty of insight into life in the early nineteenth century, as well as the close bond of the Croghan family. Enjoy!

William Croghan, Jr. to Col. George Croghan

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George Croghan and William Croghan, Jr. George was three years older than his brother, a lawyer who would inherit Locust Grove in 1822. Both brothers married wealthy women from prominent East Coast families.

 

New Orleans Jany 23, 1819

Dear George

       Your horses &c are so long comeing, & learning that they will not be fit for service if they come by water for at least a month after their arrival – I have resolved tomorrow to start to Fort Adams[.]  For the Negroes I have purchased six yokes of Oxen, which will answer very well for breaking up the ground, everything now is in readiness & in a week, I shall be hard at work on the plantation.  There are out horses &c sufficient for the negroes, if any more be wanting they must be erected at their leisure.  My Cotton seed I have just been up after, & had taken to the plantation.  The cane given me by Minor, is at his upper plantation which I will take in the boat as I come down.  

Major Lee has made a purchase within half a mile of you, for his son, he begins operations immediately.  

Why do you not write more frequently?

My Love to Papa Mama, Serena, & the family…

     William   Croghan Jr.

P.S.  Jan 25–I have just returned from up the coast, having made a purchase of Madam Victors land Six acres front, including a house worth $5000 for $3000 per acre–payable one half in May 1820 and follow 1821

Ann Croghan Jesup to Eliza Croghan Hancock

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Ann Croghan Jesup and Eliza Croghan Hancock. Ann was four years older than Eliza, and lived in Washington, DC, as her husband was Quartermaster General of the US Army. Eliza and her husband George Hancock owned Locust Grove from 1828-1834.

 

Washington Jan 22 1828

My dear sister

       Genl Jesup has gone to Mr. Southards party, and the Children are asleep & all is so quiet about the (town or house) that I think I can write to you without interruption. I would have answered your letter immediately if Lucy Ann had not been sick but I never like to write to you without making sure all are well—she has not been well for more than two weeks. The doctor said it is want of action in her liver” that ails her, she has not been confined to her bed nor had a fever but complained constantly of pain in her bowels & lost her appetite & spirit but today & yesterday the weather was delightful sunshiney and she is much better, she has been very much confined on account of the dreadful weather that now that she begins to take the first (__) she will soon be well—she is very anxious to be well enough by the 26th to go to Miss Ringgolds little party. I have been obliged to amuse her in every way to keep her from fretting—she never tires of our  (__) about Uncle Hancock’s” I am sure I could not tell how many times both Cealy & myself have called over (__) your name, “Now mama tell me about the dear that Uncle gave me” & (__) to make out a long story about “now tell me about Tom’s (__) with (__) Betsy—now about the (__) that Aunt when she was picking blackberries & of May & of Aunt Molly & believe I have tired you out talking so much of Lucy Ann now Marys turn, she is as good humoured as when you saw her & is far prettier. She has as great a passion for “Tories” as she calls stories as her sister. She is the most mischievous creature that ever was. I have to whip her two or three times a day, but while I am whipping her she is planning more mischief & as soon as I have finished at it she goes. She always has a long story to tell her Papa about her Mama whipping her ”but but Mama” & if she does not understand her she gives him a good slap in the face. Little Jane grows finely. She looks very much like her sisters did at her age, her hair is quite black. She has grown (__) five minutes in the night indeed she is no trouble to carry on. I always dress & undress her & that is all the trouble she gives. Mrs. Findley comes to see her almost every day—I have not been and visiting until Friday last for three months. I was out all this morning with Mrs. Findlay and Mrs. [illegible lines]. Mrs. Williams would be at her house this week so I expect when will commence then with her parties. So the other secretaries wives do. I will have a dress made for you with pleasure if you will only say of what you wish it. I would advice a silk, as you say you do not want it before spring. I dare say I could send it to Fotheringay–but if you go as early as April to KY had it not better be sent there. Black watered silks are very much the fashion now—capes—collars & indeed everything one fancies, is work on the neck & I think I can tell the length for your dress; let me know how (__) your waiste is & I can have it made to fit you if you. If you want anything else let me know. When I heard from home all were well— (__) Taylor is still in the City as big a fool as ever not withstanding the PM General is his father in law—Dr. Johnston has been three weeks in the city & was quite a (illegible lines)                                                                         

Sister AH Jesup

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We at Locust Grove think just as fondly of you, our  friends, as the Croghans did of their family, and we look forward to seeing you all when we re-open for 2016 on February 1!

Warmly yours,

Hannah

 

 

 

“Teach me, and I remember”: The Croghan Children’s Education

With the onset of fall here at Locust Grove, we are delighted to welcome school groups on a weekly basis to tour the house and grounds and learn about work and play in the late 1790s and early 1800s. All these students exploring Locust Grove for the first time got me thinking about the children This got me thinking about the education of the Croghan children during their time here at Locust Grove. The Croghans had eight children: John, George, William Jr., Ann, Eliza, Charles, Nicholas, and Edmund. All eight started their education at home, likely in the Grand Parlor on the second floor of the house. Around the age of ten or twelve, depending on the child, they were sent away to school. John and George attended Dr. Priestley’s Seminary in Danville, KY, William, Jr. attended Transylvania College and Dickinson College, the twins Charles and Nicholas attend St. Thomas College near Springfield, KY, and Edmund attended Jefferson Seminary. For a short period of time, Ann and Eliza studied at Louisa Keats’ Domestic Academy, but Eliza became homesick and they continued their education at home with their parents and cousin Emelia Clarke.

Dr. John Croghan and his brother William Jr. relax on the porch.

Dr. John Croghan and his brother William Jr. relax on the porch.

Of the eight siblings, John became a physician, George a soldier, and William Jr. practiced law, while Ann and Eliza made advantageous marriages. Sadly, Charles, Nicholas, and Edmund died before taking up an occupation. Charles actually died of tuberculosis in Paris in 1832 at the age of 30, attended by his brother Dr. John. All of the brothers left behind many letters between themselves and their parents, letters which reveal close and loving relationship between family members. Some of my favorites written during the brothers’ school days are excerpted below. Please enjoy!

John Croghan to Majr. William Croghan, Danville April 27th 1807

Dear Father,

          Being considerably engaged at present in my scholastic pursuits, and having a very conspicuous office to fill in the Sophomore society, the supposition must be that I am bereft of the pleasure of writing to you as often as I here to fore have done.

          In your last letter to me I observe that you intend taking my Brother [George] & myself from this Seminary as soon as our year will expire with Mr Priestley (the termination of which will be the first of June) and then to send us to one of the Eastern Colleges.  It is my wish to go to some University for the further refinement of my mental improvements, and if it were left to my choice I should prefer that of Cambridge [Harvard College], which on account of its Learned professors, Library, and Apparatus is in higher repute than any University in the United States.  As to the College at Baltimore I am in hopes you have no thoughts of sending us to for I consider this as a Seminary of learning far superior to it.  The studies which I am at present engaged are Geography, Homer (a Greek author) Terence, and Arithmetic occasionally, and Rhetoric – I have completed the study of Euclid, and Trigonometry.  I have nothing more to relate to you at present without entering on the borders of politics.

          I was extremely sorry that I could not accompany my Brother to Jefferson, but it was utterly impossible.  I had made frequent application for Horses, but was as often refused; numbers of the students were detained here on this account.  Give my respects to Mama and Family, and likewise to Uncle George Clark whenever you happen to see him; he is an Uncle for whom on account of his noble, independent, and patriotic spirit, on account of the services he has rendered his Country, and the distinguished manner in which he has behaved in the field of Wars I am very partial to.  He possessed truly a magnanimous Mind!  Adieu for the present my dear Father may the light of Heaven continue to shine around you.

                                                                      John Croghan

Many defects will occur throughout tis letter which William may point out –

Dr. John Croghan as he appeared in life.

Dr. John Croghan as he appeared in life.

 John Croghan to John O’Fallon, Locust grove, June 27th 1807

Dear John

          … the very unfortunate accident which has befallen my Brother Nicholas, … During this last storm which happened previous to my arrival here a tree was blown down not far distant from my Fathers house, on one of the limbs of which he has ascended, and having fallen from there, he struck his Eye on a stick which stood erect from the ground, which penetrated so deeply that it at once demolished both the Retina and Iris of the Eye.  We have the sight of his Eye in a wine glass … I shall therefore terminate by stating that Nicholas is deprived of his sight, Uncle George (who is here at present) appears to be very near in the predicament, and indeed the soar Eyes predominate almost throughout the whole neighborhood.  Uncle has been here for some time …

                                                                                              John Croghan

Nicholas lost an eye in an accident at the age of five.

Nicholas lost an eye in an accident at the age of five.

  Majr William Croghan to Nicholas or Charles Croghan, Locust grove May 11th 1816

My Dear Nicholas or Charles,

I have Received your Letter of the 7th instant which is Wrote and worded in so handsome a Stile (for the first letter you ever Wrote) that I cannot but flatter Myself that in a Short time you will so far Improve as to be equal to most Boys of your Age & Experience. – I got to Bardstown the Evening I left you, where I stayed all Night and the Next Morning Started for home accompanied by Captain Moore and Fortunates Cosby and Arrived in the Afternoon.

          At present I wish you to be Instructed in Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Geography & History, One of your brothers or Myself will call to see you this Summer and see what Improvement you have Made and Consult with the professors what Other branches of Education you had better be Instructed in. – your Confinement at College and living there [2 lines scratched out] but you Must put up with it, and Cheerfully Submit to the Rules of the College & advice & Instructions of the professors; you are Sent there to Recover the time you lost at the Stone Schoolhouse where you made but little Improvement in your Education, pray my Dear Boys be attentive to your Books and no doubt you will have a Good Education, your Brother Edmund continues at the Seminary in Louisville and Improves, I hope you will at least Improve in your Education as fast as he does, your Brothers John, George & William have each of them a good Education, and Nothing will give me greater pleasure than to find by your Attention that you are likely to follow their Examples and Acquire a good Education, — your Sisters and Brother Edmund are Much Obliged to you for the pictures, and paintings, — pray Write to me every two or three Weeks, let me know what you are learning, and how you like to live at the College, let me know if you want anything, and if in my power I will Send it for you. —  your Mother Brothers & Sisters Unite with me in their love to you wishing you every possible happiness.

                                                                          I am My Dear Boys

                                                                              Your Affectionate Father

                                                                              W Croghan

May 14th I expected to Send this letter by Fortunatus Cosby, with two pair of pantaloons but he will not Start for a few days, when he goes I will Send the pantaloons, — Inform James Bate that his Father has Received the letter he Wrote the Family are all well.  WC

After dying in Paris, Charles Croghan was buried in Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

After dying in Paris, Charles Croghan was buried in Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Majr. William Croghan to Nicholas & Charles Croghan, Locust grove June 19th 1816

My Dear Nicholas & Charles

I Received the letter you Wrote by Mr Bates, with Several other Letters you wrote a few days before, from those Letters I am Sorry to Observe that you don’t appear Satisfyed with your Situation at the College, which I think in a great Measure proceeds from Improper Advice gave to you by One of two of the Boys at College, you and those Boys were Informed of the Rules that were to be Observed at College and Should conform to them, you was sent there with a view of Improving in your Education which no doubt you will do if attentive to the Instructions of the professors.  They are men of Liberal Education, and highly qualified to teach the Different Branches of Education they teach, don’t let the Idle Conversation of a few Unruly Boys who wish to come home have an effect on you; when you write Letters, let them be Wrote by your Selves. – I received the letter you Wrote by the young French Gentlemen, who I supposed Informed you of their Spending an Evening on Board the Steamboat with your Mother, Sisters, & Myself. – Edmund Continues at the Seminary in Louisville, learning Latin &c, — I lately heard from your Brothers George & William, they were well and Expect to be home, George in 5 or 6 weeks, William soon after, when they come no doubt they will pay you a visit. – you must try by All means to be Reconciled to your Situation at College, you now have an Opportunity of Improving in your Education, therefore let me beg you would be Attentive and loose no time, Should you pass over this favourable Opportunity, you never will have it in your power to Improve to such Advantage again,

          Let me hear from you frequently and Should you be in want of a little money or anything I can Send let me know & I will sent it, —

                                                                              Your Affectionate Father

                                                                                    W Croghan

June 25th  Since Writing the foregoing I received three letters from you; and your Brother Edmund & Sisters Ann & Eliza  One, — We now have plenty of the pictures which you have Inclosed in your letters, Each pickture you inclose in your letter or piece of paper is liable to pay the same postage of a letter, if One piece of paper is inclosed Double postage Must be paid, if two [or] three times the postage, be the papers ever so Small.

          Dear Charles I have Received your letter and am glad to Understand by it, that you have conducted yourself so well as to not have a Bad Mark since you went to College, — Pray my Dear Charles try to Improve in your Education you now have a Much better Opportunity of doing it than you will ever have again, as to your coming home the 4th of July you Must not think of it I wish very much to see you and Nicholas but cannot think of your looseing the time at present and [I] Must try to see you if in my power, – My Dear Boys from your Letters I am Sorry to Observe that your clothes are getting very Much worn, I was in hopes your New Coats, with last Summers Coat, and your Cloth Coats with the Other Cloths you had, would have lasted until Next Fall, not in I purposed getting you new Cloths but I shall Make some Arrangement by seeing you or Otherwise by which you Shall have a Supply of Cloths Shortly, until then take what care you can of your Cloths, — I am my Dear

                                                                                              Your affectionate Father

                                                                                                  W Croghan

Charles and Nicholas survey Locust Grove from the porch with their cousin, Eloise Bullitt.

Charles and Nicholas survey Locust Grove from the porch with their cousin, Eloise Bullitt.

It must be fun to grow up in such a big, bustling family as the Croghans! Don’t forget to stop by for Market Fair next weekend to experience the eighteenth century at Locust Grove! We’ll have an encampment, music, entertainment, food, and so much more! I highly recommend visiting with the rat catcher.

Many happy returns of the season to you!

Hannah

Market Fair 2015 Poster